The issues of strengthening measures to prevent domestic violence and the introduction of a service model of security were considered at a meeting of the Interdepartmental Commission for the Prevention of Crimes, chaired by Prime Minister Alikhan Smailov, Delovoy Kazakhstan reports.
First Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs Marat Kozhayev reported that annually the police receives more than 100 thousand calls about domestic violence. And in 60 percent of cases, victims refuse to take measures against perpetrators. In 2022, 37,000 people were brought to administrative responsibility. At the same time, the number of criminal offenses in the sphere of family and domestic relations decreased by 7% (from 623 to 583).
On the instructions of the Head of State, the Ministry of Internal Affairs developed measures to tighten accountability for violence in the family and domestic sphere, as well as the steps to prevent it, including rehabilitation and educational work with family troublemakers.
For example, it is proposed to identify an authorized state agency to coordinate actions in this area, making it possible to shift the focus from repressive measures to solving social and economic problems of citizens, issues of raising children and raising the status of the family as a whole.
It is also planned to switch from reporting to detecting domestic crime, which would allow the police to bring the offender to justice without a complaint from the victim, i.e., upon the commission of domestic violence. Thus, the principle of inevitability of punishment will be ensured.
Besides, it is suggested to set the minimum term of administrative arrest starting from 5 days (previously there was no such term), to provide possibility of immediate isolation of a troublemaker and his arrest by court for the period of investigation, as well as to make possible reconciliation of parties only once and only in court.
Deputy Prosecutor General Zhandos Umiraliyev, Minister of Labor and Social Protection of Population Tamara Duisenova, and Vice Minister of Justice Alma Mukanova spoke on this topic.
The Prime Minister stressed that new social services, including the Digital Family Card, should be actively involved in the prevention of domestic violence.
"It is necessary to identify families at risk, where there may be some problems, using digital technology and data analysis. We should pay attention to them in the first place, so as not to wait for the commission of crimes or any other unlawful acts. It is better to prevent delinquency, than to deal with its consequences later," Prime Minister said.
In addition, according to him, it is necessary to consider the issue of including indicators of the level of prevention of domestic violence in the performance rating of regional Akims, as well as to take measures to address the lack of crisis centers.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs was instructed to conduct a broad explanatory work with the population as part of the development of the bill to toughen liability for domestic violence.
The meeting of the Ministry of Internal Affairs also addressed the issue of transition to a service model of security, which focuses on providing citizens with high-quality police services and the formation of sustainable partnerships between public institutions and society for joint identification and solution of problems in the sphere of law and order.
Prime Minister instructed the Ministry of Internal Affairs to ensure effective coordination of work of state bodies in this direction, and the akimats of regions were instructed to take measures for qualitative scaling of the service model in the field.
"This is one of the most important reforms initiated by the Head of State in the law enforcement sphere. The results of the year will assess the work of each region in this direction," Alikhan Smailov emphasized.